Who Is Responsible for Making Laws in India

4. By the constitutional doctrine that a Minister of the Crown is held accountable to Parliament for any action taken by him or her as a minister or by the department or department of which he or she is the political head, or for the advice that the Minister submits to the Sovereign. 18 The Constitution of India provides for a parliament composed of an elected President4 and both chambers of the House of the People (Lok Sabha) and the Council of States (Rajya Sabha).5 The President appoints the Prime Minister and, on his advice, the other ministers of the Council of Ministers. The Council of Ministers is jointly accountable to the House of the People.6 The President shall from time to time convene both Houses of Parliament. He can adjourn both chambers and dissolve the people`s house. The interval between two sessions cannot exceed six months.7 The Indian Parliament generally sits about seven months a year in three sessions: the budget session (February-May), the monsoon session (July-August) and the winter session (November-December)*. The first session after the parliamentary elections and the first session of each year begin with a speech by the President.8 The breadth and depth of Parliament`s legislative and other powers under the Constitution are enormous. The constituent power also belongs to Parliament, and it can be said that the sovereign will of the people is expressed only through the collective decisions of their elected representatives in Parliament. Nevertheless, the Indian parliament is neither a sovereign nor a supreme parliament.9 Most police functions in India are managed by the states. However, there are a number of centrally controlled police forces, including the Central Bureau of Investigation (to deal with certain violations of trade union laws), the Border Security Force, the Voluntary Auxiliary Force of The House Guards (to assist in emergencies such as riots or natural disasters), the Central Reserve Police Force and the Central Industrial Security Force. Several paramilitary forces are also deployed to provide internal security and border defence. Legislative body These three activities correspond to three organs of government, namely the legislative, the executive and the judiciary.

The legislative branch of the State promulgates laws, the executive enforces them and the judiciary applies them to specific cases arising from the violation of the law. The laws of India are promulgated by the Union Government for the whole country and by the state governments for their respective states, as well as by local municipal councils and districts. The legislative process in India for the Union government requires legislative proposals to go through the two legislative chambers of the Indian Parliament, namely the Lok Sabha and the Rajya Sabha. The legislative process for states with bicameral legislation requires that legislative proposals be passed at least in the lower house of the state or the Vidhan Sabha and do not necessarily have to be passed in the upper house or vidhan parishad. For states with unicameral legislatures, laws and bills only need to be passed in the state`s Vidhan Sabha, as they do not have a Parishad Vidhan. However, the Indian system represents a true fusion of the highest executive and legislative branches. With regard to the Constitution, as in practice, the relationship between the executive and legislative branches is the most intimate and, ideally, does not allow for antagonism or dichotomy. The two are not visualized as competing centers of power, but as inseparable partners or co-shareholders in government business. Parliament is a great body. It does not and cannot govern, the Council of Ministers is the “grand executive committee” of Parliament, responsible for governance on behalf of the parent body. He was removed from parliament and remained part of parliament and was accountable to the Lok Sabha. It can be said that the relationship between the executive and the legislative is that of a part of the whole and that of interdependence.

Answer: The legislator is responsible for enacting laws that apply to the whole country. We call it parliament. It has two houses, the Lok Sabha and the Rajya Sabha. The head of each government department is a minister, and Parliament exercises control over the ministry through the minister. A ministry has virtually its own autonomous existence and conducts its activities in accordance with legal provisions, rules and regulations or according to many years of practice. Parliamentary control over the ministry is based on the fact that any action of the ministry may be called into question by any member and that the minister responsible for the administration of that ministry must defend the actions of its officials. It is a generally accepted constitutional principle that a minister is accountable to Parliament for all the actions of the Department, and it is the minister who is to blame if Parliament disapproves of an administrative act. However, there may be a case where a public servant acts intentionally or recklessly, outside or against the policy of his or her minister. In doing so, it relieves the Minister of the responsibility to protect it. But the constitutional responsibility of the parliamentary minister remains, and he must convince parliament to deal with the issue appropriately.21 In India, laws are formulated centrally by parliament and at the state level by legislatures and councils. Step 3: Once Cabinet has approved the bill, it is introduced in Parliament. In the Indian political system, parliament is the central legislative (or legislative) body.

Each bill goes through three readings in both Houses before becoming law. At first reading, the bill is presented to Parliament. The fundamental function of Parliament is to legislate. All legislative proposals must be submitted to Parliament in the form of draft laws. A bill is a bill and can only become law if it has received the approval of both houses of parliament and the approval of the President of India. The legislative process begins with the introduction of a bill in both Houses of Parliament. A bill may be introduced either by a minister or by a Member of Parliament other than a minister. In the first case, it is a government bill and, in the second case, a private member`s bill.

A bill goes through three readings in each chamber, i.e. the Lok Sabha and the Rajya Sabha, before being submitted to the President for approval. The idea of “Make in India” is not new. Industrial production has a long history in the country. However, this initiative has set itself the ambitious goal of making India a global production centre. In order to achieve this objective, objectives have been set and guidelines have been defined. Traditionally, the term “legislative” or “executive” refers to a body that promulgates or promulgates laws and a body that implements them […].